During the reporting period, occupying Russian forces destroyed a number of grain stockpiles and began the mass theft of grain in the occupied parts of the oblasts of Kherson, Donetsk, Luhansk, and Zaporizhzhia, depriving local populations of essential food supplies and impeding the sowing of the next year’s crops. There are credible reports of large mass graves and filtration camps organised by Russian troops near the besieged city of Mariupol. In Mariupol, Russian forces blocked the evacuation of around 1,000 civilians and dozens of wounded hors de combat Ukrainian soldiers. There were new recorded instances of sexual violence, torture, and mass executions of civilians in occupied territories; in de-occupied Kyiv Oblast alone, the number of killed civilians has reached 1,235. Russian forces continued to bombard eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, pillage both private and public property, and deport civilians or take them hostage. During the reporting period, we documented the following war crimes and violations of international humanitarian law that were committed by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation: (1) torture and wilful killings; (2) sexual violence; (3) attacks on civilian objects; (4) attacks on specially protected objects; (5) impeding humanitarian relief and evacuation of civilians; (6) forcible transfer of civilian population; (7) pillage and appropriation of property; (8) taking of hostages; (9) false flag operations; (10) filtration camps and other cases of unlawful confinement.